An overlooked systematic error exists in the apparent radial velocities of solar lines reflected from regions of Venus near the terminator, owing to a combination of the finite angular size of the Sun and its large (2 km/sec) equatorial velocity of rotation. This error produces an apparent, but fictitious, retrograde component of planetary rotation, typically on the order of 40 m/sec. Spectroscopic, photometric, and radiometric evidence against a 4-day atmospheric rotation is also reviewed. The bulk of the somewhat contradictory evidence seems to favor slow motions, on the order of 5 m/sec, in the atmosphere of Venus; the 4-day “rotation” may be due to a travelling wavelike disturbance, not bulk motions, driven by the uv albedo differences.
- 1 - natural sciences ; 2 - physics & astronomy ; 3 - astronomy & astrophysics
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines ; 2 - sciences exactes et technologie ; 3 - terre, ocean, espace ; 4 - geophysique externe
- 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Earth and Planetary Sciences ; 3 - Space and Planetary Science
- 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Physics and Astronomy ; 3 - Astronomy and Astrophysics